– The force is perpendicular to both the velocity v of the charge q and the magnetic field B.
– I hope you remember what a Magnetic Force Field is as this requires a little of advanced physics ;-)
– Linear motion: the particle velocity is aligned parallel to the magnetic field (θ=0).
– Circular motion: the particle velocity is orthogonal to the magnetic field (θ=π/2).
– Helicoidal motion: the particle velocity is neither orthogonal or parallel to the magnetic field.
– If you want to read something about particles moving in a Magnetic (and Electric) Field you can read this :Magnetic Force Field on Wikipedia.
– You can see the Linear, Circular and Helicoidal motions in this example where the arrows represent the magnetic uniform field:
– The bigger the strength the greater the effect on the particles and does no matter the distance from the magnetic (constant) field:
– You can try different distributions of the particles to find interesting simulations as in this example:
– I find next effect amazing! :